BIOFUELS


nmr400.gifNuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer at Texas Tech used for measurement of oil content in peanut.
algae400.gifDiatoms (Nitzschia spp) being grown in a raceway in the greenhouse.

 



 
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Goals

Our goal is the development of crops that can be used for biofuels, or that have enhanced oil content that can be used for cooking oil.

 

          Peanut: We have developed peanut breeding lines with >55% oil content, and are working on combining these with high oleic fatty acid content.

 

          Algae: We have collected native algal strains from the West Texas area, and have determined that these can both survive the harsh conditions of the southwest Texas desert, and be induced to produce a high percentage of oil.


References

Chagoya, J. C., J. Brown, M. Gomez S.,J. Zhang, K. Starks, Y. Jiang, L. Brown, A. Quigg, and M. D. Burow (2014) Media Optimization and Lipid Formation of Two Native Diatoms for Cultivation in the Southwest Texas Desert. J. Applied Phycology. DOI 10.1007/s10811-014-0238-


Jiang, Y., K. Starks Laverty, J. Brown, M. Nunez, L. Brown, J. Chagoya, M. Burow, and A. Quigg. (2014) Effects of fluctuating temperature and silicate supply on the growth, biochemical composition and lipid accumulation of Nitzschia sp. Bioresource Technology 154:336-344.


Wilson, J. N., M. R. Baring, M. D. Burow, W. L. Rooney, and C. E. Simpson. (2013) Generation Means Analysis of Oil Concentration in Peanut. J. Crop Impr. 27: 85-95.


Wilson, J., M. R. Baring, M. D. Burow, W. L. Rooney, and C. E. Simpson. (2013) Diallel Anaysis of Oil Production Components in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Intl. J. Agron., http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/975701.


Burow, M. D., Z. Chen, T. Mouton, and J. V. Moroney. (1996) Isolation of cDNA clones induced upon transfer of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells to low CO2. Plant Mol. Biol. 31: 443-448.


Chen, Z., M. D. Burow, C. Mason, and J. V. Moroney. (1996) A low CO2-inducible gene encoding alanine: α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant Physiol. 112: 677-684.